This subject introduces students to Islam and its adherents within contemporary global dynamics. It examines the thought of key Muslim intellectuals from the 19th Century till present and their attempts to come to terms with modernity as a Western project, while addressing critical issues facing Islam. Areas for consideration include: renewal and reform. the impact of colonialism and globalisation on Muslim discourse. independent judgment (ijtihad) versus emulation (taqlid). and issues associated with civil society. Students will also explore the challenge of shaping a Muslim identity in the modern world, in the context of key Muslim institutions and social movements.