The History program at The University of Melbourne is internationally recognized for its research excellence and its outstanding contributions to specialist areas of study in the humanities and social sciences. In recognition of its high standing, Historical Studies (FoR Code 2103) at The University of Melbourne was rated in the top category of 5 ('well above world standard') in the 2012 Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) national evaluation, which applied to research undertaken between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2010. Research in History is supported by outstanding library resources in book, microform and digital forms.

Research in History is conducted by its Teaching and Research Staff; by scholars holding Australian Research Council Professorial Fellowships, ARC Future Fellowships, ARC Early Career Research Awards, and McKenzie Postdoctoral Fellowships; and by researchers in the ARC Centre of Excellence for the History of Emotions (1100-1800). Scholars in History conduct research collaboratively with colleagues in other disciplines and universities both nationally and internationally. There are also internal research coalitions such as the Australia in the World Project, the Asia History Hub and the Cultural History of Economies Research Hub (CHERHub). The History program has been highly successfully in securing Australian Research Council and other competitive funding for research projects, and contributes to scholarly and public engagement about history and its role in our contemporary world.