History and Philosophy of Science

2014

 An interdisciplinary study. Brill Academic Publishers, 2014Blunden, A. and Arnold, Michael. "Formation of the concept of "Collaborative Learning Space"," in Blunden, A. (ed.,). Collaborative Projects: An interdisciplinary study. Brill Academic Publishers, 2014, pp. 158-175.

Collaborative Projects - An Interdisciplinary Study presents research in disciplines ranging from Education, Psychotherapy and Social Work to Literacy and anti-poverty Project Management to Social Movement studies and Political Science. All the contributions are unified by use of the concept of 'project'. 'Project' is 'leading activity' for Child Development, whilst 'life project' may play a crucial role in personal development and Psychotherapy; the social fabric of a community can be understood as woven from projects which may be sustained by NGOs, or develop from social movements to institutions. Giving concrete content to the concept of 'project' in each domain of research, opens a prospect of a genuinely interdisciplinary human science. More information...

 Policy, Deployment and Use. Routledge, 2014Arnold, Michael, Apperley, T.H., Nansen B., Wilken, R. and Gibbs, M.R. "Patchwork Network: Spectrum Politics, the Digital Home and Installation of the Australian National Broadband Network," in Choudrie, J. and Middleton, C. (eds.,). Management of broadband technology innovation: Policy, Deployment and Use. Routledge, 2014, pp. 25-42.

This book explores a wide range of issues associated with the deployment and use of broadband including its impacts on individuals, organizations, and society, and offers a generalist understanding of the technical aspects of broadband. Management of Broadband Technology and Innovation offers insights on broadband from the perspectives of Information Systems, Management, Strategy, and Communications Policy scholars, drawing on research from these disciplines to inform diverse aspects of broadband deployment, policy, and use. Issues associated with a subject technical in nature, but now researched in many ways, are emphasised. This book explains various softer aspects of broadband deployment and use, focusing on the benefits of broadband rather than on details of the technology. More information...

 Mortality and Beyond in the Online Age. Praeger Publishers, 2014Nansen, B., Arnold, M., Gibbs, M. and Kohn, T. "The Restless Dead in the Digital Cemetery," in Moreman, C.M. and Lewis, A. D. (eds.,). Digital Death: Mortality and Beyond in the Online Age. Praeger Publishers, 2014

This fascinating work explores the meaning of death in the digital age, showing readers the new ways digital technology allows humans to approach, prepare for, and handle their ultimate destiny. Drawing from a range of academic perspectives, this book is the only serious study to focus on the ways in which death, dying, and memorialization appear in and are influenced by digital technology. The work investigates phenomena, devices, and audiences as they affect mortality, remembrances, grieving, posthumous existence, and afterlife experience. It examines the markets to which the providers of such services are responding, and it analyzes the degree to which digital media is changing views and expectations related to death. Ultimately, the contributors seek to answer an even more important question: how digital existences affect both real-world perceptions of life's end and the way in which lives are actually lived. More information...

 Natur und Wissenschaft in der niederländischen Malerei des 17. Jahrhunderts. Wilhelm Fink, 2014Wiesenfeldt, Gerhard, "Empirische Wissenschaft als praktische Philosophie," in Gehring, U. (eds.,). Die Entdeckung der Ferne: Natur und Wissenschaft in der niederländischen Malerei des 17. Jahrhunderts. Wilhelm Fink, 2014

The horizon sinks in the Dutch landscape painting at the beginning of the 17th century low down. In the panoramas of Hendrik C. Vroom or Jacob van Ruisdael the picture space opens to all sides. In order to shift the two decisive factors for the visual arts of the perception of space at a time, the physical finiteness of the universe is up for grabs. Given this development, people from different disciplines discuss in this volume the mutual influence of artistic, philosophical, theological, and mathematical models of space. New techniques of distance measurement play in their considerations as well as in the emergence of new perspective and cartographic representation methods. More information...

 Pioneers of the Deep Future. Simplicity Institute Publishing, 2014Wills, Sara. "William Morris," in Alexander, S. (eds.,). Simple Living in History: Pioneers of the Deep Future. Simplicity Institute Publishing, 2014

The dominant culture of industrial civilisation is highly materialistic, holding up Western-style, consumer lifestyles as the path to happiness and fulfilment. But consumer lifestyles are failing to satisfy the human craving for meaning, and they are degrading our planet in ways that are grossly unsustainable and unjust. We desperately need to explore or rediscover less materialistic, 'simpler' ways of living. 'Simple living' refers to ways of life based on notions such as frugality, sufficiency, moderation, and mindfulness. This anthology brings together twenty-six short essays discussing the most significant individuals, cultures, and movements that have embraced simple living throughout history. What did Buddha and Jesus think about simple living? What contribution did the ancient Greeks and Romans make? How do the Amish and the Quakers live? And why did Henry Thoreau leave his hometown to live in the woods? Readers will also gain insight into the lives and philosophies of people like Mahatma Gandhi and William Morris, and learn about contemporary eco-social movements, such as those based on permaculture, intentional communities, degrowth, and voluntary simplicity. This deep but engaging book examines these great moments in the story of simple living, and many more, but it looks backwards in order to shed light on the present and future. More information...

2013

Hjorth, Larissa and Arnold, Michael. Online@AsiaPacific: mobile, social and locative media in the Asia-Pacific. RoutledgeFalmer, 2013

 mobile, social and locative media in the Asia-Pacific. RoutledgeFalmer, 2013Media across the Asia-Pacific region are at once social, locative and mobile. Social in that these media facilitate public and interpersonal interaction, locative in that this social communication is geographically placed, and mobile in so much as the media is ever-present. The Asia–Pacific region has been pivotal in the production, shaping and consumption of personal new media technologies and through social and mobile media we can see emerging certain types of personal politics that are inflected by the local. The six case studies that inform this book - Seoul, Tokyo, Shanghai, Manila, Singapore and Melbourne - offer a range of economic, socio-cultural, and linguistic differences, enabling the authors to provide new insights into specific issues pertaining to mobile media in each city. These include social, mobile and locative media as a form of crisis management in post 3/11 Tokyo; generational shifts in Shanghai; political discussion and the shifting social fabric in Singapore; and the erosion of public and private, and work and leisure paradigms in Melbourne. Through its striking case studies, this book sheds new light on how the region and its contested and multiple identities are evolving, and concludes by revealing the impact of mobile media on how place is shaped, as well as shaping, practices of mobility, intimacy and a sense of belonging. More information...

2012

 A cross-generational case study of social gaming in Shanghai, China," in Huntemann, N. and Aslinger, B. (eds.,). Gaming Globally.Hjorth, L. and Arnold, M. "Playing at being social: A cross-generational case study of social gaming in Shanghai, China," in Huntemann, N. and Aslinger, B. (eds.,). Gaming Globally. New York: Palgrave, 2013, pp. 101-117.

The simultaneous appropriation of mobile technologies, locative media, and social networking has created a new set of relationships between place and gaming. Boundaries between hard-core and casual gaming are blurred, boundaries between private and public places are confused, and boundaries between play spaces and nonplay spaces are fused. Games demonstrate that place is a space that is not only geographic and physical but also evokes cartographies of the imaginary, emotional, mnemonic, and psychological. In each different place, the types of games played and social media deployed are reflective of the locality - that is, a sum of various factors such as linguistic, sociocultural, technological, and the economic. One region demonstrating a variety of gameplay is the Asia-Pacific region (Hjorth and Chan 2009). Locations such as Japan, South Korea, and China are indicative of this diversity. More information...

Wiesenfeldt, Gerhard and Breidbach, O. "Könnte nicht also auch die Erdkugel ein großer Turmalin sein?" Eine exemplarische Einführung in Sprach- und Denkmuster der experimentellen Physik vor 1800," in Breidbach, O. and Burwick, R. (eds.,). Physik um 1800 - Kunst, Wissenschaft oder Philosophie?. Wilhelm Fink, 2012, pp. 19-36.

Wiesenfeldt, Gerhard and Breidbach, O. "Könnte nicht also auch die Erdkugel ein großer Turmalin sein?" Eine exemplarische Einführung in Sprach- und Denkmuster der experimentellen Physik vor 1800," in Breidbach, O. and Burwick, R. (eds.,). Physik um 1800 - Kunst, Wissenschaft oder Philosophie?. Wilhelm Fink, 2012In der Phase um 1800 greifen eine Vielfalt von Personen, Denkströmungen und Denkstile direkt ineinander, in denen wesentliche Momente dessen, was für uns heute Natur, Wissenschaft und Wissen bedeuten, angelegt sind. Dabei ist in dem Nebeneinander der Ansätze, in denen sich Ästhetik, Wissenschaft und Philosophie mischen, die Idee leitend, ein Ganzes erfahrbar zu machen.

Bedeutsam ist dieses Vorgehen nun nicht als Gegenbild einer disziplinär organisierten Wissenschaftskultur und des für uns heute charakteristischen Nebeneinanders von Kultur und Wissen, sondern als Keimzelle unserer heutigen Vorstellungen von Wissenschaften und Wissen. Die in Jena um 1800 verhandelten Konzepte stehen am Beginn der Konsolidierung der uns heute in den Wissenschaften bestimmenden Vorstellungen und Strukturen. Im vorliegenden Band wird dieses Nebeneinander verschiedener Vorstellungen neu in den Blick genommen. Aus Perspektive von Ästhetik, Wissenschaftsgeschichte und Philosophie wird die Situation der Physik um 1800 im Gefüge von Kunst, Wissenschaft und Philosophie thematisiert. Dargestellt wird das Experiment der Kultur um 1800, das mit seiner Offenheit dann für unsere Moderne zum Ereignis wurde. More information...

 Administering to and Caring for the Dead Online," in Hage, Ghassan and Eckersley, Robyn (eds.,). Responsibility.Arnold, Michael. "Facebook and the Other: Administering to and Caring for the Dead Online," in Hage, Ghassan and Eckersley, Robyn (eds.,). Responsibility. Melbourne University Press, 2012, pp. 128-141.

The concept of responsibility permeates social life. While it has many meanings, they often centre around questions of practical and moral accountability, culpability and liability. One can learn a great deal about a social formation by looking at the way the meanings of responsibility are deployed within it, the way they vary from one social space to another, and the way they are often at the centre of a political struggle over how we define and apportion blame. The essays in this book do more than examine such processes. Each in its own way also invites the reader to push existing assumptions about what individual, political, ecological and corporate responsibility entails. More information...

 A Case Study of Students and Social Media in Shanghai," in Law, P. (ed.,). New Connectivities in China Virtual, Actual and Local Interactions.Arnold, Michael. "Home and Away: A Case Study of Students and Social Media in Shanghai," in Law, P. (ed.,). New Connectivities in China Virtual, Actual and Local Interactions. Springer Science+Business Media 2012, pp. 171-182.

The fast diffusion of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in China has brought forth new forms of connection among the Chinese and has changed their social lives. Virtual networks have been developed and in turn have led to the formation of networks in the actual world. This collection explores the resultant complications in the relationship between virtual, actual, and local interactions. It discusses various aspects of the implications of the new connectivities on these three types of interactions in China. The topics examined include: the possibility of the development of civil society in China, the implications for the migrant workers in the south, the challenge posed to the traditional social order, and the relationship between the new connectivities and the Chinese social context. More information...

 Citizenship and Social Inclusion in a Transnational Era.Wills, Sara. "Negotiating migration, sentiment and insecurity: encounters with sadness and shame in Australia," in Steiner, Niklaus; Mason, Robert and Hayes, Anna (eds.,). Migration and Insecurity: Citizenship and Social Inclusion in a Transnational Era. Routledge, 2012, pp. 64-83.

This book presents an inter-disciplinary investigation into contemporary migration and social inclusion through an examination of migrant and refugee experience. In this edited volume, contributors discuss new understandings of individual and community security in a world where legal borders and definitions of citizenship no longer adequately capture the reality of migration. Distinguished contributors approach questions of social belonging and inclusion from diverse perspectives. Drawing its primary examples from Australia, Migration and Insecurity is framed by the wider experience of the Global North, with examples from Europe, the United Kingdom and United States woven throughout the collection. An inter-disciplinary approach to migration studies, this book integrates local, national and transnational spaces in its discussion of new constructs of inclusion and security. It considers questions of historical memory, ontological security, transnational communities, the role of civic institutions and social relationships in local spaces to guide the reader towards the wider conceptual questions of migration studies using expertise from the fields of sociology, gender, historical and political studies. More information...

2011

Wiesenfeldt, Gerhard. "Carl Constantin Haberles Versuch der Begründung der Meteorologie als Wissenschaft," in Herausgegeben von Christoph, Andreas and Breidbach, Olaf (eds.,). Die Welt aus Weimar - Zur Geschichte des geographischen Instituts. Katalog zur Ausstellung, Stadtmuseum Weimar, 29.Juli 2011 bis 16. Oktober 2011. Buchhandel.de., 2011, pp. 51-58.

Camilleri, Kristian. "Atom and Individual: The Trajectory of a Metaphor," in Hage, Ghassan and Kowal, Emma (eds.,). Force, Movement, Intensity: The Newtonian Imagination in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Melbourne University Press, 2011, pp. 115-127. More information...

 The Newtonian Imagination in the Humanities and Social Sciences.Wiesenfeldt, Gerhard. "Newton's laws, Laplace's dream and Clausewitz' nightmare: On friction," in Hage, Ghassan and Kowal, Emma (eds.,). Force, Movement, Intensity: The Newtonian Imagination in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Melbourne University Press, 2011, pp. 13-25

This book considers the original and continuing legacy of Newtonian theories and imaginaries in the vast array of human attempts to understand the world. Drawing from a range of disciplines-including anthropology, sociology, the history of science, literary studies, cultural studies, social theory and economics-the essays in this volume engage with Newton as a thinker and examine his legacy. Some contributions illustrate the power of physical metaphors in understanding the social world; many others point to the limits of this endeavour. Still others show how since the eighteenth century Newtonian thought has influenced thinkers as diverse as Blake, Marx, Freud and Pierre Bourdieu. This innovative collection prompts a reconsideration of the importance of Newton for the social sciences and humanities. More information...

Arnold, Michael. "A Streetscape Portal," in Foth, Marcus et al (eds.,). From Social Butterfly to Engaged Citizen.Arnold, Michael. "A Streetscape Portal," in Foth, Marcus et al (eds.,). From Social Butterfly to Engaged Citizen. MIT Press, 2011, pp. 401-420.

From Social Butterfly to Engaged Citizen examines how this increasingly open, collaborative, and personalizable technology is shaping not just our social interactions but new kinds of civic engagement with cities, communities, and spaces. It offers analyses and studies from around the world that explore how the power of social technologies can be harnessed for social engagement in urban areas. Chapters by leading researchers in the emerging field of urban informatics outline the theoretical context of their inquiries, describing a new view of the city as a hybrid that merges digital and physical worlds; examine technology-aided engagement involving issues of food, the environment, and sustainability; explore the creative use of location-based mobile technology in cities from Melbourne, Australia, to Dhaka, Bangladesh; study technological innovations for improving civic engagement; and discuss design research approaches for understanding the development of sentient real-time cities, including interaction portals and robots. More information...