Seminar - Crowds, Cancer, Clones. Houellebecq rewrites Canetti.
Crowds, Cancer, Clones. Houellebecq rewrites Canetti (paper given in English)
Abstract: The importance of Aldous Huxley for Michel Houellebecq has long been recognised. Atomised (Les particules elementaires, 1998) and The Possibility of an Island both engage with Huxley’s utopian fictions. What has not been recognised is the informing presence of another thinker and writer in Atomised. Elias Canetti’s novel Auto-da-Fe (Die Blendung) provides Houellebecq with the model and template for his critique of and utopian/dystopian alternative to Huxley’s Brave New World. The theme of Auto-da-Fe is the longing of the ‘elementary particles’ of which society is composed to escape from the burden of individuality. The utopian (or dystopian?) vanishing point of Canetti's novel is the crowd as the redemptive return to unity, which cancels the world of social and sexual division and death. The suicide of the individual – the novel ends with the famous scholar Peter Kien setting fire to his library – symbolises the suicide of Western civilisation. Houellebecq works not only with the theme of civilizational suicide and the end of humanity but also with Canetti’s structuring contrast between two antithetical brothers, Peter and George Kien. Reading Atomised against Auto-da-Fe allows us to appreciate the creativity of Houellebecq’s rethinking of his model, which is exactly contemporary (written 1931/1932, published 1935) with Huxley’s Brave New World (1932).
Professor Emeritus David Roberts, Professor of German Studies
Professor Emeritus David Roberts
Professor of German Studies
David Roberts is Emeritus Professor of German at Monash University. He is coeditor of the social theory journal Thesis Eleven and his research interests focus on modernism and postmodernism, aesthetics and genre theory, Marxist critical theory and systems theory, and the sociology of literature.