Governing Conflict Through the Market
Assoc. Professor Virginia Haufler (University of Maryland)
This talk examines the interaction of norms and industry structure in the evolution of multiple transnational regulatory initiatives that created general consensus around supply chain governance as a means of addressing conflict.
Efforts to bring an end to violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo and elsewhere have focused to a surprising extent on the role of transnational market actors. Activists and policymakers have lamented the trade in so-called "conflict minerals" - minerals that are sold in world markets to pay for weapons and soldiers.
Since 2000, a wide variety of state and non-state actors have addressed resource conflicts by creating a diverse array of governance schemes to govern the supply chain linking "conflict minerals" to consumer markets.