It has long been assumed that when people know better, people will do better. The current state of affairs for Indigenous peoples around the world suggests that this is not the case. Research has shown that even when individuals know more about the history and social contexts of Indigenous peoples, their views upon Indigenous peoples’ rights and political status may not necessarily shift. Cultural Awareness and Competency has become a key institutional process for educating individual employees of their responsibilities toward Indigenous peoples in their professional settings. This research project will explore the paradigm of cultural awareness in education, employment training and policy-making and analyse the ways in which it informs and shapes Indigenous-Settler relations at work and beyond.