Walls Can Fall: The Open Science Movement
Free Public Lecture
Kathleen Fitzpatrick Theatre
The vision encoded in the Open Science movement is about creating a global scientific community underpinned by transparency: that is, where the methods scientists use as well as the results of their research are openly accessible by their peers by default. We are not quite there yet.
There is still a wall standing between scientific values and practices. This wall needs to be dismantled, beginning with an examination of how and what we reward in scientific work. You've all probably heard the phrase, 'publish or perish' – it is tired, but no less true. The currency of academic science is getting published. Producing novel, positive, and clean results maximises the likelihood of publishing success because those are the best kind of results. But, not only are such results rare to obtain, we often learn as much or more from studies that fail to produce the best kind of results.
However, in an environment where getting published is an imperative, there is a trend for scientists to employ flexible analytic and selective reporting practices to increase their chances of publishing success.
Although questionable research practices are frowned upon by the scientific community, they are hard to avoid in a competitive marketplace with minimal accountability. This is where the Open Science movement offers another way. Openness and transparency offer end-users of scientific results access to information about the origins of those results – that is, how you went about obtaining them, or your methodology – than is typically made publicly available. This allows your peers to better judge your results; it also shifts the focus away from largely rewarding the production of results that fit current measures (of being novel, positive, and clean) to rewarding good methods. Open Science doesn’t mean we’ll reduce the production of the best kind of results, it simply makes clear when they have been truly earned.
This lecture is part of the 2019 School of Historical and Philosophical Studies 'Walls' Public Lecture Series.
Professor Brian Nosek, Professor, Department of Psychology
Professor Brian Nosek
Professor, Department of Psychology
University of Virginia
Brian Nosek is coFounder and Executive Director of the Center for Open Science that operates the Open Science Framework. COS is enabling open and reproducible research practices worldwide. Brian is also a Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Virginia. He received his PhD from Yale University in 2002. He cofounded Project Implicit, a multiuniversity collaboration for research and education investigating implicit cognition – thoughts and feelings that occur outside of awareness or control. Brian investigates the gap between values and practices, such as when behavior is influenced by factors other than one's intentions and goals. Research applications of this interest include implicit bias, decisionmaking, attitudes, ideology, morality, innovation, barriers to change, open science, and reproducibility. In 2015, he was named one of Nature's 10 and to the Chronicle for Higher Education Influence list.