The History program at the University of Melbourne is internationally recognised for its research excellence and its outstanding contributions to specialist areas of study in the humanities and social sciences. In recognition of its high standing, Historical Studies (FoR Code 2103) at the University of Melbourne was rated in the top category of 5 ('well above world standard') in the State of Australian University Research 2015-16: Volume 1 ERA National Report, which applied to research undertaken between 1 January 2008 - 31 December 2013. Research in History is supported by outstanding library resources in book, microform and digital forms.

Research in History is conducted by its Teaching and Research Staff; by scholars holding Australian Research Council Professorial Fellowships, ARC Future Fellowships, ARC Early Career Research Awards, and McKenzie Postdoctoral Fellowships; and by researchers in the ARC Centre of Excellence for the History of Emotions (1100-1800). The History program has been highly successful in securing Australian Research Council and other competitive funding for research projects, and contributes to scholarly and public engagement about history and its role in our contemporary world. Scholars in History conduct research collaboratively with colleagues in other disciplines and universities both nationally and internationally.