Claire Loughnan is an Early Career Researcher, and Teaching Fellow in Criminology, at the School of Social and Political Sciences, University of Melbourne. Her doctoral research examined the policies, laws and practices of immigration detention in the Australian setting from an institutional perspective. She traced the progressive disavowal of responsibility for refugees over a twenty year period, marked by the steady contraction of Australia's obligations under the Refugee Convention. She is currently writing on Australia's role in offshore processing at Manus Island. Claire's research interests are on the trend towards criminalised and racialised responses to border crossings, with a particular focus on the offshoring/externalisation of responsibilities for refugees. She teaches in socio-legal studies, and in criminal justice and human rights. Claire is a committee member of the Carceral Geography Network (based at the University of Birmingham) and a member of Refugee Studies Steering Group at the Melbourne School of Social Equity.