History and Philosophy of Science

2017

The Routledge Companion to Digital EthnographyArnold, Michael et al. "Researching Death Online," in Hjorth, L., Horst, H., Galloway, A. and Bell, G. (eds.,). The Routledge Companion to Digital Ethnography. Routledge, 2017

With the increase of digital and networked media in everyday life, researchers have increasingly turned their gaze to the symbolic and cultural elements of technologies. From studying online game communities, locative and social media to YouTube and mobile media, ethnographic approaches to digital and networked media have helped to elucidate the dynamic cultural and social dimensions of media practice. The Routledge Companion to Digital Ethnography provides an authoritative, up-to-date, intellectually broad, and conceptually cutting-edge guide to this emergent and diverse area. More information...

Niels Bohr and the Philosophy of Physics Twenty-First-Century PerspectivesCamilleri, Kristian and Schlosshauer, M. "Bohr and the problem of the quantum-to-classical transition," in Niels Bohr and the Philosophy of Physics Twenty-First-Century Perspectives. Bloomsbury, 2017

Niels Bohr and Philosophy of Physics: Twenty-First Century Perspectives examines the philosophical views, influences and legacy of the Nobel Prize physicist and philosophical spokesman of the quantum revolution, Niels Bohr. The sixteen contributions in this collection by some of the best contemporary philosophers and physicists writing on Bohr's philosophy today all carefully distinguish his subtle and unique interpretation of quantum mechanics from views often imputed to him under the banner of the "Copenhagen Interpretation." More information...

Testosterone Rex: Myths of Sex, Science, and SocietyFine, Cordelia. Testosterone Rex: Myths of Sex, Science, and Society. W. W. Norton & Company, 2017

In Testosterone Rex, psychologist Cordelia Fine wittily explains why past and present sex roles are only serving suggestions for the future, revealing a much more dynamic situation through an entertaining and well-documented exploration of the latest research that draws on evolutionary science, psychology, neuroscience, endocrinology, and philosophy. She uses stories from daily life, scientific research, and common sense to break through the din of cultural assumptions. Testosterone, for instance, is not the potent hormonal essence of masculinity; the presumed, built-in preferences of each sex, from toys to financial risk taking, are turned on their heads. More information...

Reading Newton in Early Modern EuropeWiesenfeldt, Gerhard. "The Practical Tradition of Dutch Newtonianism," in Boran, E. and Feingold, M. (eds.,). Reading Newton in Early Modern Europe. Brill, 2017

Reading Newton in Early Modern Europe investigates how Sir Isaac Newton's Principia was read, interpreted and remodelled for a variety of readerships in eighteenth-century Europe. The editors, Mordechai Feingold and Elizabethanne Boran, have brought together papers which explore how, when, where and why the Principia was appropriated by readers in Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, England and Ireland. Particular focus is laid on the methods of transmission of Newtonian ideas via university textbooks and popular works written for educated laymen and women. More information...

2016

Ethics and Visual Research MethodsArnold, Michael et al. "Methodological and ethical concerns associated with digital ethnography in domestic environments: Participant burden and burdensome technologies," in Warr, D., Guillemin, M., Cox, S., Waycott, J. (eds.,). Ethics and Visual Research Methods: Theory, Methodology, and Practice. Palgrave Macmillan, 2016

This collection presents stories from the field that were gathered from researchers using a breadth of visual methods. Visual methods refer to the use of still or moving images either as forms of data, to explore research topics and explorations of artistic practice. In addition to well-established visual methods, such as photo-voice and photo-elicitation, the possibilities for visual methods are flourishing through the proliferation of visual culture and developments in digital technologies. More information...

Making Publics, Making PlacesArnold, Michael et al. “Overcoming the tyranny of distance? High speed broadband and the significance of place,” in Griffiths, M. and Barbour, K. (eds.,). Making Publics, Making Places. University of Adelaide Press, 2016

This book focuses on the surprising generative possibilities which digital and smart technologies offer media consumers, citizens, institutions and governments in making publics and places, across topics as diverse as Twitter audiences, rural news, the elasticity of the public sphere, Weibo, cultural heritage and responsive spaces in smart cities. Multidisciplinary perspectives engage with critical questions in new media scholarship. General readers, curious about how technologies are enabling social, public and civic participation, will enjoy the book’s mix of fresh approaches and insights. More information...

Policy Legitimacy, Science and Political Authority Knowledge and action in liberal democraciesDurant, Darrin. "The undead linear model of expertise," in Heazle, Michael and Kane, John (eds.,). Policy Legitimacy, Science and Political Authority Knowledge and action in liberal democracies. Routledge, 2016

This book examines the tensions between political authority and expert authority in the formation of public policy in liberal democracies. It aims to illustrate and better understand the nature of these tensions rather than to argue specific ways of resolving them. The various chapters explore the complexity of interaction between the two forms of authority in different policy domains in order to identify both common elements and differences. The policy domains covered include: climate geoengineering discourses; environmental health; biotechnology; nuclear power; whaling; economic management; and the use of force. More information...

2015

Memory in a Mediated WorldArnold, Michael et al. "Remembering Zyzz - Distributed Memories on Distributed Networks," in Hajek, A., Lohmeier, C. and Pentzold, C. (eds.,). Memory in a Mediated World: Remembrance and Reconstruction. Palgrave Macmillan, 2015

Considering both retrospective memories and the prospective employment of memories, Memory in a Mediated World examines troubled times that demand resolution, recovery and restoration. Its contributions provide empirically grounded analyses of how media are employed by individuals and social groups to connect the past, the present and the future. More information...

2014

An interdisciplinary study. Brill Academic Publishers, 2014Blunden, A. and Arnold, Michael. "Formation of the concept of "Collaborative Learning Space"," in Blunden, A. (ed.,). Collaborative Projects: An interdisciplinary study. Brill Academic Publishers, 2014, pp. 158-175

Collaborative Projects - An Interdisciplinary Study presents research in disciplines ranging from Education, Psychotherapy and Social Work to Literacy and anti-poverty Project Management to Social Movement studies and Political Science. All the contributions are unified by use of the concept of 'project'. 'Project' is 'leading activity' for Child Development, whilst 'life project' may play a crucial role in personal development and Psychotherapy; the social fabric of a community can be understood as woven from projects which may be sustained by NGOs, or develop from social movements to institutions. Giving concrete content to the concept of 'project' in each domain of research, opens a prospect of a genuinely interdisciplinary human science. More information...

Policy, Deployment and Use. Routledge, 2014Arnold, Michael, Apperley, T.H., Nansen B., Wilken, R. and Gibbs, M.R. "Patchwork Network: Spectrum Politics, the Digital Home and Installation of the Australian National Broadband Network," in Choudrie, J. and Middleton, C. (eds.,). Management of broadband technology innovation: Policy, Deployment and Use. Routledge, 2014, pp. 25-42

This book explores a wide range of issues associated with the deployment and use of broadband including its impacts on individuals, organizations, and society, and offers a generalist understanding of the technical aspects of broadband. Management of Broadband Technology and Innovation offers insights on broadband from the perspectives of Information Systems, Management, Strategy, and Communications Policy scholars, drawing on research from these disciplines to inform diverse aspects of broadband deployment, policy, and use. Issues associated with a subject technical in nature, but now researched in many ways, are emphasised. This book explains various softer aspects of broadband deployment and use, focusing on the benefits of broadband rather than on details of the technology. More information...

Mortality and Beyond in the Online Age. Praeger Publishers, 2014Nansen, B., Arnold, M., Gibbs, M. and Kohn, T. "The Restless Dead in the Digital Cemetery," in Moreman, C.M. and Lewis, A. D. (eds.,). Digital Death: Mortality and Beyond in the Online Age. Praeger Publishers, 2014

This fascinating work explores the meaning of death in the digital age, showing readers the new ways digital technology allows humans to approach, prepare for, and handle their ultimate destiny. Drawing from a range of academic perspectives, this book is the only serious study to focus on the ways in which death, dying, and memorialization appear in and are influenced by digital technology. The work investigates phenomena, devices, and audiences as they affect mortality, remembrances, grieving, posthumous existence, and afterlife experience. It examines the markets to which the providers of such services are responding, and it analyzes the degree to which digital media is changing views and expectations related to death. Ultimately, the contributors seek to answer an even more important question: how digital existences affect both real-world perceptions of life's end and the way in which lives are actually lived. More information...

Natur und Wissenschaft in der niederländischen Malerei des 17. Jahrhunderts. Wilhelm Fink, 2014Wiesenfeldt, Gerhard, "Empirische Wissenschaft als praktische Philosophie," in Gehring, U. (eds.,). Die Entdeckung der Ferne: Natur und Wissenschaft in der niederländischen Malerei des 17. Jahrhunderts. Wilhelm Fink, 2014

The horizon sinks in the Dutch landscape painting at the beginning of the 17th century low down. In the panoramas of Hendrik C. Vroom or Jacob van Ruisdael the picture space opens to all sides. In order to shift the two decisive factors for the visual arts of the perception of space at a time, the physical finiteness of the universe is up for grabs. Given this development, people from different disciplines discuss in this volume the mutual influence of artistic, philosophical, theological, and mathematical models of space. New techniques of distance measurement play in their considerations as well as in the emergence of new perspective and cartographic representation methods. More information...

Pioneers of the Deep Future. Simplicity Institute Publishing, 2014Wills, Sara. "William Morris," in Alexander, S. (eds.,). Simple Living in History: Pioneers of the Deep Future. Simplicity Institute Publishing, 2014

The dominant culture of industrial civilisation is highly materialistic, holding up Western-style, consumer lifestyles as the path to happiness and fulfilment. But consumer lifestyles are failing to satisfy the human craving for meaning, and they are degrading our planet in ways that are grossly unsustainable and unjust. We desperately need to explore or rediscover less materialistic, 'simpler' ways of living. 'Simple living' refers to ways of life based on notions such as frugality, sufficiency, moderation, and mindfulness. This anthology brings together twenty-six short essays discussing the most significant individuals, cultures, and movements that have embraced simple living throughout history. What did Buddha and Jesus think about simple living? What contribution did the ancient Greeks and Romans make? How do the Amish and the Quakers live? And why did Henry Thoreau leave his hometown to live in the woods? Readers will also gain insight into the lives and philosophies of people like Mahatma Gandhi and William Morris, and learn about contemporary eco-social movements, such as those based on permaculture, intentional communities, degrowth, and voluntary simplicity. This deep but engaging book examines these great moments in the story of simple living, and many more, but it looks backwards in order to shed light on the present and future. More information...