Philosophy

2017

Inheritance of Wealth Justice, Equality, and the Right to BequeathHalliday, Dan. Inheritance of Wealth Justice, Equality, and the Right to Bequeath. OUP, 2017

Daniel Halliday examines the moral grounding of the right to bequeath or transfer wealth. He engages with contemporary concerns about wealth inequality, class hierarchy, and taxation, while also drawing on the history of the egalitarian, utilitarian, and liberal traditions in political philosophy. He presents an egalitarian case for restricting inherited wealth, arguing that unrestricted inheritance is unjust to the extent that it enables and enhances the intergenerational replication of inequality. More information...

The Philosophy of TrustJones, Karen. "'But I Was Counting on You!'," in Faulkner, P. And Simpson, T. (eds.,). The Philosophy of Trust. Oxford University Press, 2017

Trust is central to our social lives. We know by trusting what others tell us. We act on that basis, and on the basis of trust in their promises and implicit commitments. So trust underpins both epistemic and practical cooperation and is key to philosophical debates on the conditions of its possibility... But trust is not merely central to our lives instrumentally; trusting relations are themselves of great value, and in trusting others, we realise distinctive forms of value. What are these forms of value, and how is trust central to our lives? These questions are explored and developed in this volume, which collects fifteen new essays on the philosophy of trust. They develop and extend existing philosophical discussion of trust and will provide a reference point for future work on trust. More information...

The Concept in Crisis: 'Reading Capital' TodayPeden, Knox. "To Have Done with Alienation (Or: How to Orient Oneself in Ideology)," in Nesbitt, Nick (ed.,). The Concept in Crisis: 'Reading Capital' Today. Duke University Press, 2017

The publication of Reading Capital - by Louis Althusser, Étienne Balibar, Roger Establet, Pierre Macherey, and Jacques Rancière - in 1965 marked a key intervention in Marxist philosophy and critical theory, bringing forth a stunning array of concepts that continue to inspire philosophical reflection of the highest magnitude. The Concept in Crisis reconsiders the volume’s reading of Marx and renews its call for a critique of capitalism and culture for the twenty-first century. More information...

Cyberpsychology The Study of Individuals, Society and Digital TechnologiesWhitty, Monica and Young, Garry. Cyberpsychology The Study of Individuals, Society and Digital Technologies. John Wiley & Sons, 2017

An important new BPS Textbook in Psychology exploring the interactions between individuals, societies, and digital technologies. The book outlines key theories and empirical research within cyberpsychology and provides critical assessments of this rapidly changing field; it identifies areas in need of further research and ways to use digital technologies as a research tool; it covers topics such as online identity, online relationships and dating, pornography, children’s use of the internet, cyberbullying, online games and gambling, and deception and online crime; and the book is engaging and accessible for students at the undergraduate and graduate level with real life examples, activities, and discussion questions. More information...

Das Interpretative Universum: Dimitri Ginev Zum 60Sankey, Howard. "Subject and Object in Scientific Realism," in Angelova, P., Andreev, J. and Lensky, E. (eds.,). Das Interpretative Universum: Dimitri Ginev Zum 60. Geburtstag Gewidmet. Konigshausen and Neumann, 2017

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2016

The Legacy of Ronald DworkinHalliday, Daniel. "Inheritance and Hypothetical Insurance," in Waluchow, W. and Sciaraffa, S. (eds.,). The Legacy of Ronald Dworkin. Oxford University Press, 2016

This book assembles leading legal, political, and moral philosophers to examine the legacy of the work of Ronald Dworkin. They provide the most comprehensive critical treatment of Dworkin's accomplishments focusing on his work in all branches of philosophy, including his theory of value, political philosophy, philosophy of international law, and legal philosophy. More information...

Disclosing the World: On the Phenomenology of LanguageInkpin, Andrew. Disclosing the World: On the Phenomenology of Language. MIT Press, 2016

In this book, Andrew Inkpin considers the disclosive function of language - what language does in revealing or disclosing the world. His approach to this question is a phenomenological one, centering on the need to accord with the various experiences speakers can have of language. With this aim in mind, he develops a phenomenological conception of language with important implications for both the philosophy of language and recent work in the embodied-embedded-enactive-extended (4e) tradition of cognitive science. More information...

Phenomenology and ScienceInkpin, Andrew. "Phenomenology of language in a 4e world," in Reynolds, Jack and Sebold, Richard (eds.,). Phenomenology and Science: Confrontations and Convergences. Palgrave Macmillan, 2016

This book investigates the complex, sometimes fraught relationship between phenomenology and the natural sciences. The contributors attempt to subvert and complicate the divide that has historically tended to characterise the relationship between the two fields. Phenomenology has traditionally been understood as methodologically distinct from scientific practice, and thus removed from any claim that philosophy is strictly continuous with science. More information...

Climate Justice in a Non-Ideal WorldLawford-Smith, Holly. "Difference-Making and Individuals' Climate-Related Obligations," in Heyward, C. And Rosa, D. (eds.,). Climate Justice in a Non-Ideal World. Oxford University Press, 2016

The first part of the book discusses those facets of the debate on climate justice that become relevant due to the shortcomings of current global action on climate change. The second part makes specific suggestions for adjusting current policies and negotiating procedures in ways that are feasible in the relatively short term while still decreasing the distance between current climate policy and the ideal. The chapters in the third and final part reflect upon how philosophical work can be brought to bear on the debates in climate science, communication, and politics. More information...

The Epistemic Life of GroupsLawford-Smith, Holly and Collins, S. "The Transfer of Duties: From Individuals To States And Back Again," in Brady, M. And Fricker, M. (Ads.,). The Epistemic Life of Groups. Oxford University Press, 2016

Groups engage in epistemic activity all the time - whether it be the active collective inquiry of scientific research groups or crime detection units, or the evidential deliberations of tribunals and juries, or the informational efforts of the voting population in general - and yet in philosophy there is still relatively little epistemology of groups to help explore these epistemic practices and their various dimensions of social and philosophical significance. The aim of this book is to address this lack, by presenting original essays in the field of collective epistemology, exploring these regions of epistemic practice and their significance for Epistemology, Political Philosophy, Ethics, and the Philosophy of Science. More information...

Althusser and TheologyPeden, Knox. "Althusser's Spinozism and the Problem of Theology," in Hamza, Agon (ed.,). Althusser and Theology: Religion, Politics and Philosophy. Brill, 2016

Religion has always been an object of philosophical analysis, as well as a platform for political practice. One cannot imagine a form of philosophical thinking without its relation to a religion, whether it negates or affirms the latter. In different philosophical orientations, religion also serves as a condition for philosophy. Althusser and Theology intends not so much to fill a gap in Althusser scholarship as to make an important contribution to the contemporary radical left movement. In this regard, Althusser and Theology is of significant importance in the current debates on the Left concerning its relation to theology. More information...

Resolving the Gamer's DilemmaYoung, Garry. Resolving the Gamer's Dilemma: Examining the Moral and Psychological Differences between Virtual Murder and Virtual Paedophilia. Springer, 2016

This book explores the gamer’s dilemma, which lies at the heart of theorising about the morality of certain video game content. The dilemma is as follows: given that gaming content involves virtual characters within a virtual environment, the moral permission of virtual murder would also appear to morally permit virtual paedophilia. Yet most gamers and members of wider society would not want to play, endorse, or find in any way morally acceptable the enactment of virtual paedophilia within a video game. Yet by accepting the moral permissibility of virtual murder they leave themselves vulnerable to having to accept the moral permissibility of virtual paedophilia. More information...

2015

Halliday, Daniel. "Egalitarianism and Consumption Tax," in Schweiger, G., Gaisbauer, H. and Clemens, S. (eds.,). Philosophical Explorations of Justice and Taxation. Springer, 2014Halliday, Daniel. "Egalitarianism and Consumption Tax," in Schweiger, G., Gaisbauer, H. and Clemens, S. (eds.,). Philosophical Explorations of Justice and Taxation. Springer, 2014

This volume presents philosophical contributions examining questions of the grounding and justification of taxation and different types of taxes such as inheritance, wealth, consumption or income tax in relation to justice and the concept of a just society. The chapters cover the different levels at which the discussion on taxation and justice takes place: On the principal level, chapters investigate the justification and grounding of taxation as such and the role taxation plays and should play in the design of justice, be it for a just society or a just world order. On a more concrete level, chapters present discussions of these general reflections in more depth and examine different types of taxation, tax systems and their design and implementation. On an applied level, chapters discuss certain specific taxes, such as wealth and inheritance taxes, and examine whether or not a certain tax should be favored and for what reasons as well as why it is just to target certain kinds of assets or income. Finally, this volume contains chapters that discuss the central issue of international and global taxation and their relation to global justice. More information...

Foundations of Logical ConsequenceRestall, Greg. "Assertion, Denial, Accepting, Rejecting, Symmetry and Paradox," in Caret, C. and Hjortland, O. (eds.,). Foundations of Logical Consequence. Oxford University Press, 2015

Logical consequence is the relation that obtains between premises and conclusion(s) in a valid argument. Orthodoxy has it that valid arguments are necessarily truth-preserving, but this platitude only raises a number of further questions, such as: how does the truth of premises guarantee the truth of a conclusion, and what constraints does validity impose on rational belief? This volume presents thirteen essays by some of the most important scholars in the field of philosophical logic. The essays offer ground-breaking new insights into the nature of logical consequence; the relation between logic and inference; how the semantics and pragmatics of natural language bear on logic; the relativity of logic; and the structural properties of the consequence relation. More information...

The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophical MethodsSchroeter, Laura and Schroeter, Francois. "Rationalizing Self-Interpretation," in Daly, C. (ed.,). The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophical Methods. Palgrave Macmillan, 2015

This Handbook contains twenty-six original and substantive papers examining a wide selection of philosophical methods. Drawing upon an international range of leading contributors, it will help shape future debates about how philosophy should be done. The papers will be of particular interest to researchers and high-level undergraduates. More information...

2014

Oppy, G. and Trakakis, N. (eds.,). History of Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand. Springer Science+Business Media, 2014Ellis, Brian; Sankey, Howard; Thomason, Neil; Hutchison, Keith; Wilkins, J.S., and Forge, John. "History and Philosophy of Science," in Oppy, G. and Trakakis, N. (eds.,). History of Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand. Springer Science+Business Media, 2014, pp. 707-772.

The History of Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand is a comprehensive account of the historical development of philosophy in Australia and New Zealand, from the establishment of the first Philosophy Chair in Australasia in 1886 at the University of Melbourne to the current burgeoning of Australasian philosophy. The work is divided into two broad sections, the first providing an account of significant developments and events during various periods in the history of Australasian philosophy, and the second focusing on ideas and theories that have been influential in various disciplines within Australasian philosophy. The work consists of chapters contributed by various philosophers, on specific fields of inquiry or historical periods within Australasian philosophy. More information...

Cordner, Christopher, "Moral Philosophy in the Midst of Things," in Taylor, C. and Graefe, M. K. (eds.,). A Sense for Humanity. Monash University Publishing, 2014.Cordner, Christopher, "Moral Philosophy in the Midst of Things," in Taylor, C. and Graefe, M. K. (eds.,). A Sense for Humanity. Monash University Publishing, 2014.

Raimond Gaita was awarded the Doctor Honoris Causa from the University of Antwerp 'for his exceptional contribution to contemporary moral philosophy and for his singular contribution to the role of the intellectual in today's academic world', so recognising the influence of Gaita's ethical thought beyond academic philosophy. The essays in this collection examine the influence of Gaita's ethical thought in this broad sense, and particularly within Australian society and culture, where it has been most significant. Through his various works, including in particular his acclaimed biography, Romulus: My Father, Gaita's ethical thought has had a considerable impact on the intellectual and cultural life of Australia. This collection is unique for its survey of this influence, with new essays from significant writers and academics. More information...

Schroeter, François and Schroeter, Laura. "Why Go Hybrid? A Cognitivist Alternative to Hybrid Theories of Normative Judgment," in Ridge, Michael and Fletcher, Guy (eds.,). Having It Both Ways: Hybrid Theories and Modern Metaethics. Oxford University Press, 2014Schroeter, François and Schroeter, Laura. "Why Go Hybrid? A Cognitivist Alternative to Hybrid Theories of Normative Judgment," in Ridge, Michael and Fletcher, Guy (eds.,). Having It Both Ways: Hybrid Theories and Modern Metaethics. Oxford University Press, 2014.

A recent trend in metaethics has been to reject the apparent choice between pure cognitivism, where moral (and other normative) judgments are understood as representational or belief-like states, and pure non-cognitivism, where they are understood as non-representational or desire-like states. Rather, philosophers have adopted views which seek in some way to combine the strengths of each side while avoiding the standard problems for each. Some such views claim that moral judgments are complexes of belief-like and desire-like components. Other views claim that normative language serves both to ascribe properties and to express desire-like attitudes. This collection of twelve new essays examines the prospects for such 'hybrid views' of normative thought and language. The papers, which focus mainly on moral thought and talk, provide a guide to this debate while also pushing it forward along numerous fronts. More information...

 Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics. Oxford University Press, 2014Lazari-Radek, K. D. and Singer, Peter. The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics. Oxford University Press, 2014.

In The Methods of Ethics, the great nineteenth-century utilitarian Henry Sidgwick held that it is a self-evident moral truth that the good of one individual is of no more importance, 'from the point of view of the universe' than the good of any other. This and other ethical judgments are, in his view, objective truths that provide a rational foundation for utilitarianism. They led him to hold that the right act is the one that will most increase the surplus of pleasure over pain. This book tests Sidgwick's arguments against a variety of views held by contemporary writers in ethics, and concludes that they are in the main defensible. The book is therefore a defence of objectivism in ethics, and of hedonistic utilitarianism. We also examine Sidgwick's views on many other key questions in ethics: how to justify an ethical theory, the significance of an evolutionary explanation of our moral judgments, the choice between preference-utilitarianism and hedonistic utilitarianism, the conflict between egoism and utilitarianism, how demanding utilitarianism is, whether we should give priority to those who are worse off, and the moral status of animals. More information...