Vowel change in a creole community: Morphosyntactically conditioned phonetic variation in Hawaiʻi Creole
Principled phonetic analysis of phonological categories is a hallmark of sociolinguistic research (e.g., Labov et al. 2006) and a crucial part of the identification and classification of sociolects. However, the focus of this research has traditionally been on single variables (e.g., (ING), (dh) stopping) or clusters of tightly interrelated variables (e.g., vowels in chain shifts) within those sociolects. Comparatively less focus has been placed on simultaneously assessing how multiple sociolinguistic variables interact systematically (see Guy 2013), especially across different levels of linguistic representation. With this in mind, I discuss the case of Hawaiʻi Creole—an English-lexified creole spoken in Hawaiʻi. This language offers a unique opportunity for the application of variationist methods to a creole variety (see also work by Sabino 1996, 2012; Veatch 1991; Wassink 1999, 2001, 2006), as it is relatively well-documented (cf. Bickerton & Odo 1976), and contact has persisted with English from its genesis to the present. In this talk, I discuss how investigating the patterning of multiple morphosyntactic variables within Hawaiʻi Creole captures inter-dependent variation in the vowel system as it has changed over time. While many of these changes are explainable via the sustained contact Hawaiʻi Creole has experienced with English (see Kirtley et al. 2016), I argue that contact with English insufficiently captures many of the more nuanced changes in the vowel system, as younger speakers who are more basilectal (i.e., speak a variety that patterns less like English) are more resistant to these changes. Findings discussed paint a picture of variation, whereby the phonological and morphosyntactic systems of Hawaiʻi Creole speakers are linked to a nontrivial extent in production, highlighting the importance of situating variation in one linguistic variable in the larger context of the linguistic system.
Dr James Grama, Australian National University (ANU)
Dr James Grama
Australian National University (ANU)
James completed his PhD in 2015 at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. His research to date has focused largely on vocalic variation in English and Englishbased varieties, and he is particularly interested in examining the ways in which phonetic variation is correlated with social factors and sound change over time. Currently, he is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the ARC Centre of Excellence for the Dynamics of Language at the Australian National University.