The Indigenous Settler Relations Collaboration (ISRC) acknowledge the Wurundjeri and Boonwurrung Peoples of the Kulin Nation as the traditional owners of the land on which the University stands and respectfully recognise Elders past and present.
About the collaboration
The ISRC explores the challenges that lie at the heart of relations between Indigenous and settler Australians. In the wake of government rejection of the Uluru Statement from the Heart (270kb pdf), the ISRC looks to expand public and official understanding of these challenges, and explore what might inform, shape and give life to more just relations between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia have articulated the challenges at the heart of Indigenous-settler relations as concerning Voice, Treaty, and Truth. The research produced through this collaboration will be guided by these pillars and will engage with these challenges by exploring three central questions:
- How can Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples assume a more respected and influential public voice in Australia’s social and political life, especially with regard to the policies and programs that affect them? (Voice)
- How can structural reform in the relationship between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and the Australian state and its peoples be achieved? (Treaty)
- How might an enriched understanding of our shared and contested histories shape contemporary Indigenous-settler relations? (Truth)
If you are interested in ISRC's projects or partnerships, please contact the team at via the Contact web page.
To find out more about the Wurundjeri peoples, please visit the Wurundjeri Tribe Council website.
Image credit: Nick D. The Australian Aboriginal Flag, Torres Strait Islander Flag and the Australian flag being flown outside Parliament House to mark NAIDOC week. Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International
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How can Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples assume a more respected and influential public voice in Australia's social and political life?
The collaboration examines the ways in which Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are able to speak and be heard in Australia. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, as individuals and communities, must navigate Australia's turbulent history of repeatedly creating and disbanding representative bodies to influence policy and government, as well as frequent negative representations of Indigenous life in the media and popular culture. We explore efforts to amplify the public voice of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, and seek to better understand the transformative potential of this voice upon Australia's social and political life.
How can structural reform in the relationship between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and the Australian state and its peoples be achieved?
The collaboration examines possibilities for structural transformation. The Uluru Statement makes it clear that urgent structural reform is needed to reshape current relations between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and the Australian state, its peoples and institutions. Our research on this issue explores the challenges and possibilities of treaties and other forms of agreement-making in Australia, and seeks to theorise new possibilities for structural transformation.
How might an enriched understanding of our shared and contested histories shape contemporary Indigenous-settler relations?
Many truths about Australia's history remain hidden. There is a belief and faith - articulated in the Uluru Statement and elsewhere - that uncovering the truths of this history will have a transformative effect on Indigenous-settler relations. Decades of effort have gone into educating non-Indigenous people about Australia's colonial past, but there is little evidence that this work has produced the broad-based political will for change that might once have been imagined. The collaboration adopts multiple disciplinary perspectives to understand the ways in which truth-telling and history might successfully inform the transformation of Indigenous-settler relations, and to better understand the reasons why it has failed to do so to date.
The Indigenous Settler Relations Collaboration (IRSC) brings together scholars who are interested in examining contemporary Indigenous affairs through questions of relationality.
The collaboration is a multidisciplinary team including members from:
- Cultural Studies
- Development Studies
- Media, including Journalism
- Political Science
While being informed by previous approaches, IRSC focuses sharply upon questions about what informs, shapes and gives social, legal and political life to just relations between Indigenous peoples and non-Indigenous peoples. The collaboration utilises the expertise of each of its members to present a unique and nuanced perspective on matters concerning Indigenous Settler Relations.
Associate Professor Sarah Maddison
Sarah Maddison is Associate Professor of Politics in the School of Social and Political Sciences, and co-Director of the Indigenous Settler Relations Collaboration. Sarah is particularly interested in work that helps reconceptualise political relationships between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and the Australian settler state, including critical examinations of a range of relevant public policies. She has published widely in international journals and is the author or editor of eight books including The Limits of Settler Colonial Reconciliation (2016), Conflict Transformation and Reconciliation (2015), Beyond White Guilt (2011), Unsettling the Settler State (2011), and Black Politics (2009). Sarah has led numerous research projects and was an Australian Research Council Future Fellow for 2011-14, undertaking a project that examined reconciliation in Australia, South Africa, Northern Ireland, and Guatemala. She is President of the Australian Political Studies Association from July 2018.
Dr Sana Nakata
Dr Sana Nakata is Lecturer in Political Science and ARC Discovery Indigenous Research Fellow (2016-2019). Trained as a lawyer and political theorist, her research is centred upon developing an approach for thinking politically about childhood in ways that improve the capacity of adult decision-makers to act in their interests. Her current project looks at representations of children in Australian political controversies, with particular focus upon Indigenous Australian children and child asylum seekers. Dr Nakata is co-Director of the Indigenous-Settler Relations Collaboration.
- Associate Professor Jennifer Balint
Jennifer Balint is Associate Professor in Socio-Legal Studies and is currently Head of Discipline, Criminology. Her research expertise is in the area of state crime, genocide and access to justice, with a focus on the constitutive function of law in societies and transitional justice. Her monograph, Genocide, State Crime and the Law. In the Name of the State, is a legal and socio-political analysis of the capacity of law to address genocide and other forms of state crime, law's relationship to reconciliation, and the role of law in the perpetration of these crimes. She co-established the Minutes of Evidence project, a collaboration between Indigenous and non-Indigenous researchers, education experts, performance artists, community members, government and community organisations that aims to spark public conversations about structural justice and how understanding the relationship between the colonial past and the present can bring about just futures. For more information please see the Minutes of Evidence project website.
- Dr Ashley Barnwell
Dr Ashley Barnwell is the Ashworth Lecturer in Sociology in the School of Social and Political Sciences. Her work focuses on sociological aspects of emotion, memory, and narrative, and is anchored in the sociology of the family. In addition to more traditional qualitative approaches, she is interested in the role of life writing, literature, personal archives, and oral history in sociological research. Ashley is working on two current projects. The first is a study of how contemporary Australian novelists, such as Kate Grenville and Kim Scott, are using their own family histories to deal with social questions of intergenerational trauma and historical responsibility. This will be published as a book, Reckoning with the Past: Family Historiographies in Postcolonial Australian Literature (with Joe Cummins, Routledge 2019). Her other project, 'Family Secrets, National Silences', is a qualitative study of intergenerational family secrets in settler colonial Australia.
- Dr Kat Ellinghaus
Dr Kat Ellinghaus is a Hansen Lecturer in History in the School of Philosophical and Historical Studies. She is the author of Taking Assimilation to Heart: Marriages of White Women and Indigenous Men in the United States and Australia, 1887-1937 (University of Nebraska Press, 2006) and Blood Will Tell: Native Americans and Assimilation Policy (University of Nebraska Press, 2017). In 2014 she was awarded an Australian Research Council Discovery Project grant to write a history of Aboriginal exemption policies in Australia. Kat writes and researches in the areas of settler colonial history, transnational and comparative history, assimilation policies and the social and cultural history of the United States and Australia.
- Associate Professor Julie Evans
Julie Evans is an affiliate of the Indigenous Settlers Research Collaboration. Her work explores the significance of western law's relation to Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples from the late 15th century to the present with a view to fostering more lawful ways forward. She was Lead Chief Investigator (CI) on the 'Minutes of Evidence project: Promoting new and collaborative ways of understanding Australia's past and engaging with structural justice' and is currently joint CI of 'Indigenous leaders: lawful relations from encounter to treaty' (Lead CI Mark McMillan, RMIT). Her books include Sovereignty: Frontiers of Possibility (2013, co-editors Ann Genovese, Alexander Reilly, Patrick Wolfe) and Edward, Eyre, Race, and Colonial Governance (2005). Keeping Hold of Justice: Encounters Between Law and Colonialism is under review with University of Michigan Press (co-authors Jennifer Balint, Mark McMillan, Nesam McMillan).
- Professor Karen Farquharson
Karen Farquharson is Professor of Sociology and Head of the School of Social and Political Sciences at The University of Melbourne. Her research focuses on the sociology of racism, migration, media and sport. Her most recent books are (with Vivienne Waller and Deborah Dempsey) Qualitative Social Research: Contemporary Methods for the Digital Age (SAGE 2016) and (with Timothy Marjoribanks) Sport and Society in the Global Age (Palgrave Macmillan 2012). Karen holds MA and PhD degrees from Harvard University and a BA from the University of California, Berkeley
- Professor Kirsty Grover
Professor Kirsty Gover's research addresses the law, policy, and political theory of Indigenous rights and law. She is interested in the transformative promise of Indigenous legal theory, and in its importance in settler-state political theory and international law. Professor Gover is the author of Tribal Constitutionalism: States, Tribes and the Governance of Membership (Oxford University Press, 2011) and is working on a book entitled When Tribalism Meets Liberalism: Political Theory and International Law (Oxford University Press), examining the ways in which Indigenous self-governance influences the development of international law. Professor Gover is the Director of Melbourne Law School's Indigenous Peoples in International and Comparative Law Research Program and Chair of the Melbourne Law School's Reconciliation and Recognition Committee.
- Associate Professor Chris Healy
Chris Healy teaches Cultural Studies at The University of Melbourne. He has worked at the University of Technology, Sydney, and held visiting fellowships at the Humanities Research Centre, ANU, the Centre for Cultural Studies, University of California, Santa Cruz and was a long-time External Academic Advisor in the Department of Cultural Studies, Lingnan University, Hong Kong. His research work on social memory has considered relationships between indigenous history and settler-colonialism in Australia, and some of the predicaments of postcolonial culture more generally. His first efforts in this field appeared in the UK-based journal, Oral History (1991) with latter essays in Postcolonial Studies (1999), Oxford Companion to Aboriginal Art and Culture (2000), Body Trade: captivity, cannibalism and colonialism in the Pacific (2001), Culture in Australia: policies, publics and programs (2001), ACH: The Journal of the History of Culture in Australia (2007). That period of work culminated in his 2008 monograph, Forgetting Aborigines, UNSW Press.
- Julia Hurst
Julia Hurst has a Bachelor of Arts majoring in Indigenous and Development Studies and a Masters of Urban Planning. She has worked as a social and cultural planner and social researcher. Her interests lie in storytelling, social justice and the arts, and she has successfully merged these projects over the years on main stage and community theatre, arts and cultural projects in Melbourne, Geelong and Western Sydney. She was a member of the ARC Linkage Project (USyd and ANU) Deepening Histories of Place: Exploring Indigenous Landscapes of National and International Significance and during this project she directed and authored an enhanced e-book entitled At the Heart of it: Place stories across Darug and Gundungurra Lands: A downloadable history. She is now completing her PhD: 'Re-imagining identities: Aboriginal people on Darug and Gundungurra lands' at ANU.
- Dr Elise Klein
Elise Klein is a Lecturer of Development Studies, School of Social and Political Sciences, The University of Melbourne. She currently leads a research project examining Cashless Debit Card trial in the East Kimberley and works on a grant from the British Academy's International Challenges Fund on Therapeutic culture and the digital revolution. Dr Klein was a contributor to the United Nations Secretary General's High-Level Panel on Women's Economic Empowerment. Her new book is Developing Minds: Neoliberalism, Psychology and Power (Routledge, 2017). Dr Klein is co-editing two books in 2018 Postdevelopment in Practice (Routledge) and Implementing a Basic Income in Australia: Pathways Forward (Palgrave McMillan).
- Jacynta Krakouer
Jacynta Krakouer (BSc, MSW, MSP Melb) is a Noongar Aboriginal lecturer and researcher in the Department of Social Work at The University of Melbourne. Currently undertaking her PhD with the Department, Jacynta's teaching and research expertise centres on child and family welfare, with a particular focus on Indigenous Australians. Her PhD explores Indigenous understandings of cultural connection for Indigenous Australian children in out of home care in Victoria.
- Professor Adrian Little
Adrian Little is Professor of Political Theory at the University of Melbourne. He has published six monographs including, most recently, Enduring Conflict: Challenging the Signature of Peace and Democracy (Bloomsbury, 2014) as well as many journal articles and book chapters. In 2013, along with Mark McMillan, Paul Muldoon, Juliet Rogers, Erik Doxtader and Andrew Schaap, he received an ARC Discovery Grant for the project 'Resistance, Recognition and Reconciliation in South Africa and Northern Ireland - Lessons for Australia'.
- Dr Nikki Moodie
Dr Nikki Moodie is a Gomeroi (Kamilaroi/Gamilaraay) woman, born in Gunnedah NSW. She is a Senior Lecturer in Indigenous Studies in the Faculty of Arts at The University of Melbourne. Prior to her move to the Faculty of Arts, Nikki held positions as the Academic Convenor of the Hallmark Indigenous Research Initiative, Research Fellow in Indigenous Research, and Lecturer in Indigenous Education. In 2017, Nikki received the Betty Watts Indigenous Researcher Award from the Australian Association for Research in Education. She teaches in the areas of social policy and Indigenous studies, and her main research interests are indigeneity, surveillance and education, focusing on social networks, the governance of Indigenous policy and data production. Nikki is an Associate Editor of Higher Education and Research Development, and Editor of Critical Race and Whiteness Studies.
- Dr David Nolan
David Nolan is Senior Lecturer in Media and Communication and Deputy Director of the Centre for Advancing Journalism in the School of Culture and Communication. David's work engages with processes of change in journalism, with a particular focus on their implications for the politics of race, inclusion and belonging, as well as humanitarian relations and engagement with distant 'others'. From 2011-2014 he was lead Chief Investigator (CI) on the AuSud Media Project, an ARC Linkage research project and media intervention conducted in partnership with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) and Adult Multicultural Education Services (AMES). He is co-editor (with Karen Farquharson and Timothy Marjoribanks) of Australian Media and the Politics of Belonging (Anthem Press, 2018) and his work has been published in numerous leading journals, including Journal of Intercultural Studies, Journalism, Patterns of Prejudice, Media, Culture and Society and Journalism Studies.
- Dr Juliet Rogers
Juliet Rogers is a Senior Lecturer in Criminology in the School of Political Sciences at The University of Melbourne. From 2012-16 she was an Australian Research Council DECRA fellow examining the 'Quality of Remorse' after periods of political and military conflict in Australia, Northern Ireland and South Africa. Prior to her academic career she was a youth worker, manager and trauma therapist. She holds an ongoing Visiting Fellowship at the University of Bologna, TRaMe center for the study of trauma. She published widely in the field of law, trauma and conflict. In 2013 she published Law's Cut on the Body of Human Rights: Female Circumcision, Torture and Sacred Flesh and is finalizing a monograph on The Quality of Remorse.
- Non-Indigenous Pathways to Reconciliation in Australia
- The Burden of Freedom? Aboriginal Exemption Policies in Australia
- Travelling Television and Australian Indigenous Film making
- Cashless Debit Card and Settler Economies
- Genealogy of Makarrata
- Urban Aboriginalities
- More than competent
- Representations of Children in Australian Political Controversies
- Indigenous Media
- Family Secrets, National Silences
- Assoc. Professor Sarah Maddison (The University of Melbourne)
- Tom Clark (Victoria University)
- Ravi de Costa (York University, Canada)
Many consider the formal reconciliation process in Australia to have been a failure, yet the need for a more effective engagement between Indigenous and other Australians remains pressing. This project examines the Australian experience of reconciliation, asking how the process of reconciliation in Australia can connect to the attitudes of non-Indigenous people in ways that may prompt their engagement with Indigenous needs and aspirations.
This project has undertaken original focus group research to explore non-Indigenous engagement with reconciliation in Australia. It considers ways to transform the relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in light of debates about constitutional recognition and renewed called for treaties with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
ARC Discovery Project (2014-2018)
- Dr Katherine Ellinghaus
This project was funded for four years under the ARC Discovery Project scheme (2014-2018). It is the first national study of the clauses in Aboriginal Protection Acts which allowed Aborigines to be released from control by the government, also known as exemption policies, and the extraordinary intimate colonial archives that they created. It argued that as well as the painful family dislocations and disruptions to identity that some argue are on par with the Stolen Generations, Aboriginal people’s interactions with exemption could also be stories of agency, negotiation, refusal and activism. A website to be launched in 2018, will provide a sensitive platform for the exchange of information gathered by the project with members of the Indigenous community who were, or whose family members were, impacted by the policy.
- Assoc. Professor Chris Healy
Currently in development, Chris Healy's 'Travelling Television' argues that certain kinds of television re-fashioned relations to place and occupation for non-Indigenous Australians in the second half of the twentieth century.
Australian Indigenous Filmmaking: Returning to Country
This is an ongoing research project being carried out by Chris Healy, Therese Davis and Romaine Morton. The work will take the form of a website that goes live in November 2018 and a collaboratively authored book for the University of Edinburgh Press ‘World Cinema’ series that will appear in 2019.
- Dr Elise Klein
This project examines the Cashless Debit Card trial in the East Kimberley, Western Australia. The Card targets First Nations people disproportionately where 82% in the East Kimberley trial are First Nations. Like other income management programs, the Card aims to restrict cash and purchases to curb alcohol consumption, illegal drug use and gambling. The current study reviews the Cashless Debit Card in the context of current policies managing Indigenous consumption.
The project also examines aspects of the trial in the East Kimberley including its implementation, lack of community engagement, community resistance and effects on money management. Findings thus far indicate a chaotic trial period, as well as a deeply flawed logic, disconnected from the relational poverty experienced by people receiving state benefits. Further, the research team reveal that by targeting First Nations subjectivities with behavioural conditions, state benefits reveal themselves as a contemporary technology of settler colonisation and assimilation.
- Professor Adrian Little
Adrian Little's work looks to gain a deeper understanding of the Prime Minister's rejection of the Uluru Statement and Referendum Council Report. In particular, Little focuses on the role played by the proposal for an Indigenous voice to parliament in this rejection. Little contends that the Uluru Statement rightfully demanded a three-pronged approach, and that all three are necessary for progress on Indigenous-settler relations. The truth and treaty elements of the proposed Makarrata commission are argued to be just as controversial as the proposal for voice. Little explores truth in a comparative light as a way of clarifying the choices Australia will face in how to institutionalise truth processes. This ranges from the South African attempt to build an institution which saw truth as central to reconciliation, through to Northern Ireland where the pursuit of truth remains deeply controversial twenty years after it was decided that the issues were too raw to form part of the Good Friday Agreement.
- Julia Hurst
This research explores fundamental questions of Australian Aboriginal identity in 21st century Australia. Julia Hurst argues that cultural and political debate about the value of urban Aboriginal identities often serves to disempower Aboriginal voices. Hurst's research will test location bound historical assumptions of Aboriginal belonging along with what are often considered the fixed historical processes of Aboriginal identity making across time. Following the question: 'What is your Indigenous heritage, when your heritage is defined by convincing other people?' Hurst will analyse narratives of urban Aboriginal identity in key locations around Australia, including Melbourne, Sydney, and Brisbane. The differences between these locations will help to shape a multi-site, interdisciplinary analysis of new urban Aboriginal identities under varying cultural, economic and historical conditions.
- Assoc. Professor Sarah Maddison
- Dr Sana Nakata
- Professor Karen Farquharson
It has long been assumed that when people know better, people will do better. The current state of affairs for Indigenous peoples around the world suggests that this is not the case. Research has shown that even when individuals know more about the history and social contexts of Indigenous peoples, their views upon Indigenous peoples' rights and political status may not necessarily shift. Cultural Awareness and Competency has become a key institutional process for educating individual employees of their responsibilities toward Indigenous peoples in their professional settings. This research project will explore the paradigm of cultural awareness in education, employment training and policy-making and analyse the ways in which it informs and shapes Indigenous-Settler relations at work and beyond.
- Dr Sana Nakata
- Daniel Bray (La Trobe University)
Children have figured strongly in Australian political controversies. In twenty-first century Australia, some of the most controversial political debates have centred on the lives of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, and child asylum seekers at Australia's borders. The project undertakes an extensive analysis of representative claims made about both groups of children to demonstrate the ways in which political debates are transformed by the appearance of children. By examining representative claims about children and the impact of these claims on political decisions, this project engages with emerging literature on the relationship between democratic theories of representation and the conduct of 'real politics' to develop a political account of childhood and explore its implications for policy-making.
- Dr David Nolan
David Nolan is currently leading a research project that explores the changing ecology of Indigenous news production and representation, following the emergence of a burgeoning sector of Indigenous digital media initiatives. These initiatives have taken advantage of the affordances to digital platforms to develop new outlets for Indigenous self-expression, representation and exchange, and have gained an increasing level of prominence in mainstream media, both through specific tactical interventions and longer term partnerships with mainstream news organisations. In collaboration with Indigenous journalist Jack Latimore, this research is exploring the degree to which new digital tools, including an app developed by Latimore for the Centre for Advancing Journalism, have the potential to facilitate effective strategies for improving the range and quality of Indigenous news representation in Australia’s wider news ecology.
- Dr Ashley Barnwell
This project aims to investigate the inherited family secrets, stories, and memories that inform Australians' understandings of colonial history. The histories told in schools and museums shape national identity and impact Indigenous-settler relations. But little is known about the histories told or concealed within families, and how they drive people's political views and promote or stymie national truth-telling. This research intends to benefit individuals and communities working toward national reckoning via creating knowledge about how viewpoints are created, fixed, and altered over time. It also aims to show how educators can use family histories to teach people about intergenerational inequalities, cultural traumas, and hidden diversities.
The Indigenous Settler Relations Collaboration (ISRC) is continually looking to develop new relationships and build on its knowledge base through partnership, contract and other research.
In the collaboration there is a multidisciplinary team of leading researchers that are dedicated to exploring issues relating to Indigenous Settler Relations.
The collaboration is open to both short-term and long-term partnerships, and are adaptable to a wide variety research needs. If you believe the ISRC would be a suitable fit for your initiative, research project or partnership then we encourage you to email the collaboration (hyperlink) with your enquiry along with relevant contact details.
A summary of the publications produced by collaborators can be seen on the Publications web page (hyperlink to publications page).
Doctor of Philosophy (Arts) students
The collaboration would love to hear from current or prospective Doctor of Philosophy (Arts) students interested in joining Indigenous Settler Relations Collaboration. The collaboration can be contacted via our Contact web page for support with:
- Identifying potential supervisors
- Support with the PhD application process
- Engaged research support for existing PhD students
- Networking opportunities with collaborators
Springer Book series
The collaboration is currently putting together a book series under the title Indigenous-Settler Relations in Australia and the World. This series, which is to be published by Stringer Books, aims to bring together scholars interested in examining contemporary Indigenous affairs through questions of relationality. This is a unique approach that represents a deliberate move away from both settler-colonial studies (which examines historical and present impacts of settler states upon Indigenous peoples), and from postcolonial and decolonial scholarship (which is predominantly interested in how Indigenous peoples speak back to the settler state). Closely connected to, but with meaningful contrast to these approaches, the Indigenous-Settler Relations series will focus sharply upon questions about what informs, shapes and gives social, legal and political life to relations between Indigenous peoples and non-Indigenous peoples, both in Australia and globally.
The book series does not currently have a release date so please subscribe to our mail out list to stay informed.
Please note: The collaboration is on the look out for contributors to this series so if you have any questions or proposals please get in touch via our contact web page.
Klein, E. and Morreo, C. (eds.,). Post Development in Practice. Routledge (in press), 2019
Klein, E., Mays and Dunlop (eds.,). Implementing A Basic Income in Australia: Pathways Forward. Palgrave MacMillan, London (in press), 2018
Morrissey, Philip and Healy, Chris (eds.,). Reading the Country: 30 Years On. UTS ePress, 2018
Steeped in story-telling and endlessly curious, Reading the Country: An Introduction to Nomadology (1984) was the product of Paddy Roe, Stephen Muecke and Krim Benterrak experimenting with what it might be like to think together about country. Their book has since become one of the great twentieth-century works of intercultural dialogue.
Reading the Country: 30 Years On is a celebration of that book - examining not only its place and time of creation but also its movement across social, philosophical and political surfaces, seeping into the way we look and learn and teach about how people are, or could be, part of country.
Ellinghaus, K. Blood Will Tell: Native Americans and Assimilation Policy. University of Nebraska Press, 2017
Blood Will Tell reveals the underlying centrality of "blood" that shaped official ideas about who was eligible to be defined as Indian by the General Allotment Act in the United States. Katherine Ellinghaus traces the idea of blood quantum and how the concept came to dominate Native identity and national status between 1887 and 1934 and how related exclusionary policies functioned to dispossess Native people of their land. The U.S. government’s unspoken assumption at the time was that Natives of mixed descent were undeserving of tribal status and benefits, notwithstanding that Native Americans of mixed descent played crucial roles in the national implementation of allotment policy.
The role of blood quantum is integral to understanding how Native Americans came to be one of the most disadvantaged groups in the United States, and it remains a significant part of present-day debates about Indian identity and tribal membership. Blood Will Tell is an important and timely contribution to current political and scholarly debates.
Klein, E. Developing Minds: Psychology, neoliberalism and power. Routledge, 2017
Development policy makers and practitioners are becoming increasingly sophisticated in their ability to target 'development' interventions and the psychological domain is now a specific frontier of their interventional focus. This landmark study considers the problematic relationship between development and psychology, tracing the deployment of psychological knowledge in the production/reproduction of power relations within the context of neoliberal development policy and intervention. It examines knowledge production and implementation by actors of development policy such as the World Bank and the neo-colonial state - and ends by examining the proposition of a critical psychology for more emancipatory forms of development.
The role of psychology in development studies remains a relatively unexplored area, with limited scholarship available. This important book aims to fill that gap by using critical psychology perspectives to explore the focus of the psychological domain of agency in development interventions. It will be essential reading for students, researchers, and policy makers from fields including critical psychology, social psychology, development studies and anthropology.
Klein, E. Reading Amartya Sen’s Inequality Re-examined. Routledge, 2017
Amartya Sen's Inequality Re-examined is a seminal text setting out a theory to evaluate social arrangements and inequality. By asking the question, 'equality of what'?, Sen shows that (in)equality should be assessed as human freedom; for people to have the ability to pursue and achieve goals they value or have reason to value.
The text lays out the fundamental ideas to Amartya Sen's Capability Approach. This approach is celebrated in diverse academic disciplines because of its specific contribution towards the improvement to debates on inequality beyond economic deprivation and utility measures. Furthermore, the arguments put forward by Sen in Inequality Re-examined has had many practical applications throughout policy circles including the Human Development Index, the Multi-Dimensional Poverty Measure, the compilation of lists of capabilities and drawing further attention to human agency and democracy. Amartya Sen won the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1998 for his contribution to welfare economics; the core arguments of this work is found in this book.
Tehan, M., Godden, L., Young, M., and Gover, K. The Impact of Climate Change Mitigation on Indigenous and Forest Communities: International, National and Local Law Perspectives on REDD+. Cambridge University Press, 2017
The international legal framework for valuing the carbon stored in forests, known as 'Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation' (REDD+), will have a major impact on indigenous peoples and forest communities. The REDD+ regime contains many assumptions about the identity, tenure and rights of indigenous and local communities who inhabit, use or claim rights to forested lands. The authors bring together expert analysis of public international law, climate change treaties, property law, human rights and indigenous customary land tenure to provide a systemic account of the laws governing forest carbon sequestration and their interaction. Their work covers recent developments in climate change law, including the Agreement from the Conference of the Parties in Paris that came into force in 2016. The Impact of Climate Change Mitigation on Indigenous and Forest Communities is a rich and much-needed new contribution to contemporary understanding of this topic.
Maddison, S., Clark, T., and de Costa, R. (eds.,). The Limits of Settler Colonial Reconciliation: Non-Indigenous People and the Responsibility to Engage. Springer, 2016
This book investigates whether and how reconciliation in Australia and other settler colonial societies might connect to the attitudes of non-Indigenous people in ways that promote a deeper engagement with Indigenous needs and aspirations. It explores concepts and practices of reconciliation, considering the structural and attitudinal limits to such efforts in settler colonial countries. Bringing together contributions by the world's leading experts on settler colonialism and the politics of reconciliation, it complements current research approaches to the problems of responsibility and engagement between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples.
Maddison, S. Conflict transformation and reconciliation: Multi-level challenges in deeply divided societies. Routledge, 2015
This book examines approaches to reconciliation and peacebuilding in settler colonial, post-conflict, and divided societies. In contrast to current literature, this book provides a broader assessment of reconciliation and conflict transformation by applying a distinctive 'multi-level' approach. The analysis provides a unique intervention in the field, one that significantly complicates received notions of reconciliation and transitional justice, and considers conflict transformation across the constitutional, institutional, and relational levels of society.
Drawing on extensive fieldwork in South Africa, Northern Ireland, Australia, and Guatemala, the work presents an interdisciplinary study of the complex political challenges facing societies attempting to transition either from violence and authoritarianism to peace and democracy, or from colonialism to post-colonialism. Informed by theories of agonistic democracy, the book conceives of reconciliation as a process that is deeply political, and that prioritises the capacity to retain and develop democratic political contest in societies that have, in other ways, been able to resolve their conflicts.
Nakata, S. Childhood Citizenship, Governance and Policy: the politics of becoming adult. Routledge, 2015
Debates about children's rights not only concern those things that children have a right to have and to do but also our broader social and political community, and the moral and political status of the child within it.
This book examines children's rights and citizenship in the USA, UK and Australia and analyses the policy, law and sociology that govern the transition from childhood to adulthood. By examining existing debates on childhood citizenship, the author pursues the claim that childhood is the most heavily governed period of a liberal individual's life, and argues that childhood is an intensely monitored period that involves a 'politics of becoming adult'. Drawing upon case studies from the USA, the UK and Australia, this concept is used to critically analyse debates and policy concerning children's citizenship, criminality, and sexuality. In doing so, the book seeks to uncover what informs and limits how we think about, talk about, and govern children's rights in liberal societies.
Hurst, J. At the Heart of It... Place Stories Across Darug and Gundungurra Lands: a downloadable history. Canberra: Australian Centre for Indigenous History, Australian National University, 2014. (Ebook)
This is a free enhanced ebook located within the context of Ann McGrath's and Peter Read's ARC Linkage Project (LP100100427) "Deepening Histories of Place: Exploring Indigenous Landscapes of National and International Significance," The Australian National University and Sydney University, 2011-2013.
PhD student Julia Torpey, who interviewed more than thirty Indigenous people about their histories and storytelling, produced it. Some interviews have been selected here to appear in this ebook from the larger collection of filmed oral histories in place, in The Blue Mountains, Western Sydney and Sydney. This collection of films is not representative of a particular community organisation or 'tribe'; it is representative of individual connection to place and history.
- Farquharson, K. "Creating Belonging: The possibilities and limitations of an organisational newsmedia intervention," in Nolan, David; Farquharson, Karen and Marjoribanks, Timothy (eds.,). Australian Media and the Politics of Belonging. Anthem Press, 2018
- Moodie, N. "Decolonizing race theory: place, survivance and sovereignty," in Vass, G., Maxwell, J., Rudolph, S. and Gulson, K.N. (eds.,). The Relationality of Race in Education Research. Routledge, 2018, pp. 33-46
- Gover, K. "The Treaty and Human Rights in New Zealand Law: Will the Common Law Presumptions Help or Hinder?" in Meagher, Dan and Groves, Matthew (eds.,). The Principle of Legality in Australia and New Zealand. Federation Press, 2017
- Maddison, S. and Mills, J. "Settler colonialism and genocide in Australia," in Friedman, J. and Hewitt, W. (eds.,). The history of genocide in cinema: Atrocities on screen. I.B. Tauris, 2017
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